Literature and Languages | Saint Francis University

 

literature and language

Our Mission Statement. The mission of the Department of Literature & Language at East Tennessee State University is to unite a faculty with varied interests in English and languages, sharing a common dedication to teaching, scholarship, and service. Literature includes written works of an imaginative, journalistic or scholarly nature. Language is a system of spoken and written symbols by means of which people can communicate with each other. A literary language is the form of a language used in its literary erflites.cf can be either a non-standard dialect or standardized variety of the language. It can sometimes differ noticeably from the various spoken lects, but difference between literary and non-literary forms is greater in some languages than in others. Where there is a strong divergence between a written form and the spoken.


What does literary language mean?


Literaturea body of written works. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. Literature may be classified according to a variety of systems, including languagenational origin, historical period, genreand subject matter. For historical treatment of various literatures within geographical regions, see such articles as African literature ; African theatre ; Oceanic literature ; Western literature ; Central Asian arts ; South Asian arts ; and Southeast Asian arts.

Some literatures are treated separately by language, by nation, or by special subject e. Definitions of the word literature tend to be circular. And indeed its central meaning, at least, is clear enough. But already it is necessary to qualify these statements. As an art, literature might be described as the organization of words to give pleasure. Literature also functions more broadly in society as a means of both criticizing and affirming cultural values.

Literature is a form of human expression. But not everything expressed in words—even when organized and written down—is counted as literature, literature and language. Those writings that are primarily informative—technical, scholarly, journalistic—would be excluded from the rank of literature by most, though not all, critics. Certain forms of writing, literature and language, however, are universally regarded as belonging to literature as an art.

Individual attempts within these forms are said to succeed if they possess something called artistic merit and to fail if they do not. The nature of artistic merit is less easy to define than to recognize.

The writer need not even pursue it to attain it. On the contrary, a scientific exposition might be of great literary value and a pedestrian poem of none at all.

The purest or, at least, the most intense literary form is the lyric poem, and after it comes elegiac, epicdramatic, narrative, and expository verse. Most literature and language of literary criticism base themselves on an analysis of poetrybecause the aesthetic problems of literature are there presented in their simplest and purest form. Poetry that fails as literature is not called poetry at all but verse. The Greeks thought of history as one of the seven arts, inspired by a goddess, literature and language, the muse Clio.

The essay was once written deliberately as a piece of literature: its subject matter was of comparatively minor importance. Today most essays are written as expository, informative journalismalthough there are still essayists in the great tradition who think of themselves as artists.

Now, as in the past, some of the greatest essayists are critics of literature, dramaand the arts. Some examples of this biographical literature were written with posterity in mind, others with no thought of their being read by anyone but the writer.

Some are in a highly polished literary style; others, couched in a privately evolved language, win their standing as literature because of their cogency, insight, depth, and scope. Many works literature and language philosophy are classed as literature. The Dialogues of Plato 4th century bc are written with great narrative skill and in the finest prose; the Meditations of the 2nd-century Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius are a collection of apparently random thoughts, literature and language the Literature and language in which they are written is eccentric.

Yet both are classed as literature, while the speculations of other philosophers, ancient and modern, are not. Certain scientific works endure as literature long after their scientific content has become outdated. This is particularly true of books of natural history, where the element of personal observation is of special importance.

Oratorythe art of persuasion, was long considered a great literary literature and language. The oratory of the American Indianfor instance, is famous, while in Classical Greece, Polymnia was the muse sacred to poetry and oratory. Today, however, oratory is more usually thought of as a craft than as an art. Most critics would not admit advertising copywriting, purely commercial fictionor cinema and television scripts as accepted forms of literary expression, although others would hotly dispute their exclusion.

The test in individual cases would seem to be one of enduring satisfaction and, of course, truth, literature and language. Indeed, it becomes more and more difficult to categorize literature, for in modern civilization words are everywhere.

Man is subject to a continuous flood of communication. Most of it is fugitive, but here and there—in high-level journalism, in television, in the cinema, in commercial fiction, in westerns and detective stories, and in plain, expository prose—some writing, almost by accident, achieves an aesthetic satisfaction, a depth and relevance that entitle it to stand with other examples of the art of literature.

Literature and language Media, literature and language. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents, literature and language. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Kenneth Rexroth, literature and language. See Article History. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica.

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Category:Literature by language - Wikipedia

 

literature and language

 

Language in Literature. The effect of any text is to a very large extent determined by style. In its broadest definition, style is the way in which language is used (see Leech/Short 10 for a discussion of various definitions of style). Style is thus not a phenomenon that is restricted to literature; it is necessarily part of any utterance. Language and Literature is an invaluable international peer-reviewed journal that covers the latest research in stylistics, defined as the study of style in literary and non-literary language. We publish theoretical, empirical and experimental research that aims to make a contribution to our understanding of style and its effects on readers. The result of the study showed that 1) literature is a useful source to teach the formal aspects of language such as grammar and vocabulary (language awareness) 2) literature contributes to.